Q: What is pH?

A: pH stands for potential hydrogen. It is measured on a scale of 0-14 and is used to tell us how acidic or alkaline the water source is. Pure water typically has a neutral ph of 7. The solution is acidic if the pH is below 7 and alkaline if the ph is above 7.


Q: Is measuring pH important?

A: Yes, plants best absorb nutrients grown hydroponically between a pH range of 5.3-6.3.


Q. When growing hydroponically what is the most common pH?

A. 5.8-6.0


Q: What is EC?

A: EC stands for Electrical Conductivity. It is used to measure the strength of the nutrient solution.


Q: How do I convert EC to ppm?

A: See our EC conversion chart.


Q: Can I use FloraFlex Nutrients with a doser or fertigation system?

A: Yes, please see the fertigation or dosing instructions and/or charts under the Nutrients section of the website.


Q: How do I make a concentrated stock solution for a doser or fertigation system?


See our Fertigation and Dosing charts.


Q. Do I need any additives with FlorFlex Nutrients?

A. No, you do not need anything other than the No Cal Mag Full Tilt Schedule.


Q: Are there things you should not be using with the FloraFlex Nutrient line such as calcium or other additives?

A: V1 and B1 contain Calcium. Additional Calcium is not needed. We recommend keeping it super simple with our line, only adding a Silica if you prefer. The more stuff you start to add the more you have to play with the ratios of our nutrients to adjust for the NPK levels of the additives.


Q:How do I make a stock solution with FloraFlex Nutrients?

A: Using the 1:100 ratio you would mix 200 grams per gallon and inject at 1% (38ml) per gallon.


Q: What is the optimal water temperature for feeding my plants?

A: 67 to 72 degrees fahrenheit.


Q: Why can’t the 1’s and 2’s be combined in a concentrated batch?

A: In concentrated amounts the Calcium from the 1’s and Magnesium from the 2’s will fall out and leave your plants with deficiencies.


Q: How long is the stock tank or concentrated batch good for after being mixed?

A: Roughly 6 months, it has the same shelf life as a bottled nutrient once it is opened.


Q:Can I use no CalMag with FloraFlex Fertilizer?

A. Yes, just use the recommended grams per gallon.


Q. If I use CalMag with FloraFlex Nutrients but want to stop in the middle of a run, can I?

A: Yes, just follow the grams per gallon and your plants should be healthier than ever as our nutrients work better at a higher ratio with no CalMag additives.


Q. Why don’t I need CalMag with FloraFlexNutrients?

A. Because Calcium is already in parts 1 and Magnesium is in parts 2.


Q: Can I use FloraFlex Nutrients with or in soil?

A: Yes, our nutrients are compatible with all growing mediums. Soil typically requires less EC than hydroponics, 1.6-1.8 is usually a safe range depending on your soil of course.


Q: Can I run the Full Tilt Schedule at Full Strength in soil?

A: Not all soil is created equal so it really depends on the soil itself and what elements are available in it etc. Typically starting at a lower EC (1.6-1.8) and adjusting based on plant responses.

Many in soil feed nutrients 1-3 times per week with nutrients, and may water more frequently.


Q: Can FloraFlex Nutrients be used with or in DWC/RDWC (recirculating systems)?

A: Yes, our nutrients can be used in a RDWC setup. It is recommended to do a complete reservoir change out every 7-14 days. A good rule of thumb is to top off your reservoir with fresh water without any nutrients added, and adjust PH in between complete reservoir changes. Users will typically run a lower EC in veg and bloom (1.6-2.0).


Q: How often should I change my reservoir in a deep water culture (DWC/RDWC) setup?

A: We recommend changing the full reservoir at least once every 7-14 days in a DWC or RDWC system. Once a week to match the feeding schedule is optimal.


Q: Can I still use my V1 or B1 if it has turned hard from being left open?

A: It is a homogenous mix so it should still be usable once broken up and will dissolve in water with no issues even when hard.


Q: Are FloraFlex Nutrients Organic?

A: FloraFlex nutrients are synthetic.


Q: Why is a pH recommendation on the Full Tilt feeding schedule?

A: This is for the Foliar Veg or Bloom.


Q: If I want to add Power Si and/or CalMag to the Full Tilt Schedule, what order should I add them?


1.    Power si

2.    Cal/mag

3.    V1 or B1

4.    V2 or B2

5.    Bulky B or Full Tilt (when applicable)


Q: I ordered the FloraFlex Nutrient Kit, do I need to feed every watering, every other watering, or once a week with the nutrient water solution?

A: Feed every watering in DWC, rockwool or coco. In soil it depends on what elements are already in the blend.


Q: How long do FloraFlex Nutrients stay good in a reservoir?

A: Most change the reservoir once a week when only using our nutrients, but it could last up to 6 months with agitation to prevent the water from becoming stagnant. 7 days max once incorporating any other additive.


Q: Do I need to agitate or mix the nutrients in the reservoir?

A: You do not need constant agitation, just a few minutes every 30-60 minutes and/or before irrigation events are best practices.


Q: How many pounds of nutrients do I need?
A: Use our Nutrient Calculator on our website. 

This calculates how much you would need for an entire run based on plant count and medium size.


Q: Can I add more nutrients to my already mixed solution or reservoir?
A: Yes, just make sure you are adding the parts in the same ratio and are achieving your EC.


Q: Can I add other nutrients or additives in with FloraFlex Nutrients?
A: Yes, you would need to monitor the EC levels and make sure the additional nutrients are mixed in after completely dissolving the Floraflex Nutrients.


Q: Can I grow from start to finish using only FloraFlex Bloom Nutrients?
A: Yes. See our Super Simple Feeding Schedule.

Q: Can I use the veg nutrients in the bloom stage to tide me over till I get more nutrients?
A: We do not recommend it, but if you need to get by for a few days use V1:V2 at a 0.5:1 ratio.

Q: Why have my FloraFlex Nutrients changed color?

A: If it is still in the bag or a container and has changed colors it is from humidity getting into the bags. It can still be used, we recommend a dry cool environment and of course sealing them so no air gets in.


Q: Do your nutrients have microbial properties?
A: No


Q: Can I switch to FloraFlex Nutrients mid cycle?
A: We do not recommend changing nutrients after week 3 of bloom.


Q: Do you recommend recirculating or drain to waste with your nutrients?

A: We never recommend a recirculation setup. Drain to waste is pretty standard in Big Ag and commercial grows. Below are a few reasons that make drain to waste the optimal option.

1.     pH doesn’t fluctuate as much.

2.     Ability to feed a fresh nutrient solution each watering.

3.     Less chance of developing root rot.

4.     System itself stays cleaner.

5.     You are able to flush properly.

6.     Better control over what is being fed to your plants.

Depending on your growing medium you should only have 2-10% runoff per plant, if that. See our Crop Steering Guides in our How To Grow section of the website.


Q: What is the mixing order when using a Silica with FloraFlex Nutrients.
A: Silicate is added first, allow it to sit in the reservoir for 5 minutes before adding anything else. Lastly you would mix in the FloraFlex Nutrients in order of our Full Tilt Schedule..


Q: Can I use Power Si at their recommended dosage along with the Full Tilt Schedule.

A: Yes.


Q: Do I start the week 3 nutrients at day 15 or day 21?
A: Day 15.


Q: Can your nutrients be used in soil?

A: Many in soil typically start at a lower strength feed (50-80%), depending on what elements are already in your soil, then decrease or increase as needed based on plant response.


Q: Is it okay to feed at the recommended EC if I only feed once a day?

A: Gauge plant responses, ensure 20-25% runoff and keep an eye on the runoff ph, since you will have less control over drybacks when hand watering. Raise the EC if the runoff pH is drifting more than .5 upwards or you notice deficiencies/light green growth. Decrease EC if the pH runoff is dropping more than .5 of the input and/or you see tip burn.


Q: What happens if my EC is not exact to the Full Tilt Schedule after inputting the exact weight?

A: You may need slightly more or less depending on your starting water.


Q: Can or should I use CalMag with FloraFlex Nutrients?

A: Additional CalMag is not needed with our nutrients. But you can run the Full Tilt Schedule at 90% strength when buffering your water with CalMag.


Q: Can I soak rockwool cloning or propagation cubes with B1 and B2?

A: Yes, use 2-3 grams of each per gallon, with a 5.5ph.


Q: Do I adjust EC or pH first?

A. Adjust your pH after you hit your target EC.


Q: Can I use enzymes or CalMag along with the FloraFlex Nutrients in my RDWC/DWC system?

A: Yes, you can use enzymes with our nutrients in your RDWC setup, but additional CalMag is not needed


Q: What is the maximum starting water EC for FloraFlex Nutrients.

A: We recommend that your starting water be under 0.7 EC before adding nutrients, an RO system is needed for anything above..


Veg (V1, V2)

Q:  When should I begin using nutrients when starting seedlings?

A: Once the seedlings have sprouted begin using V1:V2 at 2-3 grams each per gallon.


Q: What EC should I feed my clones?

A: 3g each B1:B2 or 1.8 EC.


Q: I want to soak my 40/40 cubes in B1:B2, but only need one liter as opposed to a gallon, how many grams of each should I use?

A: .75 grams each B1:B2.


Q: Can I use my B1,B2 in my ez cloner?

A: We recommend 3 grams of each B1:B2 per gallon.


Q: If I Veg for longer than the 4 weeks given on the Full Tilt Schedule what should I do?

A: Extend week 4 of Veg for the extra weeks.


Q: Do I need additional CalMag if my tap water has a starting EC of 0.2-0.4?

A: Our Full Tilt Schedules do not need CalMag no matter the starting water EC.


Q: What EC do you recommend for mother/mom plants?

A: 5 grams of each V1:V2 per gallon or 3.0 EC.


Q: What pH do you recommend for veg?


1.    Coco - 5.6-6.0 pH

2.    Soil -  6.0-6.3 pH

3.    Rockwool / DWC - 5.5-5.8 ph


Q: Do your Veg nutrients contain micronutrients or do I need to add them?

A: Yes, V1 and/or B1 both contain all necessary micronutrients.


Q: What elements are in V1?


1.    Nitrogen (N)

2.    Potassium (K2O)

3.    Calcium (Ca)

4.    Boron(B)

5.    Iron(Fe)

6.    Manganese(Mn)

7.    Molybdenum(Mo)


Q: What elements are in V2?


1.    Nitrogen (N)

2.    Phosphorus (P2O5)

3.    Potassium (K2O)

4.    Magnesium (Mg)

5.    Sulfur (S)

6.    Molybenum (mo)


Bloom (B1, B2, Bulky B, Full Tilt)

Q: Is the first day of flower or bloom considered the day you switch the lighting schedule, and do you begin feeding the bloom schedule that day?

A: Yes, start using the bloom nutrients as soon as you switch to the 12/12 or 11/13 light cycle.


Q: Can I run Full Tilt with other nutrients or is it only compatible with FloraFlex Nutrients?

A: Yes, although we do recommend following our Full Tilt Schedule for optimal results.


Q: What is Full Tilt?
A: Full Tilt is our bloom booster that adds size and weight to your flower in the early stages of bloom.


Q: Do I need Full Tilt?
A: We highly recommend it and it is very popular with all growers.


Q: What pH do you recommend for bloom or the flower stage?


1.    Coco - 5.9-6.2 ph

2.    Soil -  6.2-6.5 ph

3.    Rockwool / Dwc - 5.6-5.9 ph


Q: Do FloraFlex Bloom Nutrients contain micronutrients?

A: Yes, B1 contains all of the micronutrients necessary.


Q: What elements are in B1?


1.    Nitrogen (N)

2.    Potassium (K2O)

3.    Calcium (Ca)

4.    Boron(B)

5.    Iron(Fe)

6.    Manganese(Mn)

7.    Molybdenum(Mo)


Q: What elements are in B2?


1.    Phosphorus (P2O5)

2.    Potassium (K2O)

3.    Magnesium (Mg)

4.    Sulfur (S)


Q: Do FloraFlex Nutrients need to be pH’d after making a reservoir?

A: Our nutrients are pH stable, and may need to be adjusted initially based on your starting water. With municipal water you will typically not need to adjust initially. If needed it’s typically pH down.


Foliar Sprays (Veg and Bloom Foliar)

Q: What time do you recommend spraying the Foliars?

A: 1 hour before the lights are on, or with low light intensity until the leaves are dry.


Q: Should I pH my Veg Foliar solution?

A: Yes, 5.5-6.0 pH.


Q: Can I use Foliar spray on my clones or during propagation?

A: Yes, you can and they love it.


Q: How often should I spray my clones with FloraFlex Foliar?

A: Once every 5-7 days.


Q: How often should I use the Veg Foliar?

A: Use the Veg Foliar once a week throughout the vegetative stage.


Q: Should I pH my Bloom Foliar solution?

A: Yes. 5.5 ph.


Q: How often should I use the Bloom Foliar?

A: Days 1, 7, 14 of bloom, or every 5-7 days until roughly day 14.


Q: Should I feed my pants nutrients on the same day as I apply the Foliar solution?

A: Yes, spray the Foliar and feed on the same day.


Q: Is it ok to spray the Veg Foliar with the lights on, or should they be off when spraying?

A: We recommend spraying 1 hour before lights on or under low light intensity until the leaves dry (less than 400 umol).


Q: Can I mix Power Si and/or Power Si bloom with FloraFlex Foliars?

A: Yes, they can be sprayed together, first mix the Silica and then the Foliar nutrients.


Q: What are the Veg and Bloom Foliars for?


1.    The Veg Foliar is sprayed onto the plants to help promote faster, healthier plants in the vegetative stage.

2.    The Bloom Foliar is sprayed onto the plants to help promote earlier onset of bud or flower sites.


Q: For the first week of Veg Foliar do you spray them every day or just that first day?

A: Just the first day and every 5-7 days after.


Q:  Can I make less than a gallon of Foliar Spray.

A: Yes, use 1 gram per liter.


Led Lights

Q: I was wondering if I could use your FloraFlex 650W LEDs with low ceilings?

A: Absolutely, the optimal height for the LEDs is 17 inches above the canopy. See How To Grow Guides for suggested UMOL parameters based on which period of the life cycle your plants are in.


Q: What coverage do FloraFlex 650W LEDs have?

A: 4’x4’ to 5’x5’ depending on the hanging height of the light and intensity, 17” or above will do both and is recommended.


Q: What size or how big of an air conditioning (AC) unit do I need with a FloraFlex 650W LED grow light?

A: Each light requires 2218 BTUs of cooling.


Q: What are the dimensions to your light?


L - 47.24”

W - 43.3”

H - 1.96”


Q: How much does the FloraFlex 650W Led Light weigh?

A: 27.6 lbs (12.5kg)


Lighting Controller

Q: Does your lighting controller have a sunrise, and sunset feature?

A: Yes.


Q: Do you sell extra controller cables?

A: Two controller cables come with the Master Lighting Controller. Sold separately soon.


General Irrigation Questions

Q: Do I need to use the FloraFlex pots alongside FloraFlex drip lines/irrigation or can I use any pot?

A. Our irrigation systems can be used with any pots and/or growing medium.


Q: What other components would I need to set up any irrigation system that you sell?
A: Varies with setup, but the common items would be:

●     Reservoir

●     Timer or Irrigation controller (If using Nylon Valves or Solenoids)

●     Pump

●     Grow tray if not using PotPro Platforms.

●     Pvc Pipe and Pvc fittings will vary with setup. See How To Grow section of the website for different/relevant infographics.


Q: Should I put my filter before or after the Nylon Valve?

A: Place the filter on the outlet of the Nylon Valve.


Q: What should my psi gauge read at the end of my zone?


A: Optimal psi with all of our systems is between 25-35psi.


Q: How long do I run my FloraFlex  irrigation system for?


A: This will vary with different systems, we recommend placing the drip lines/stakes that would go to one of the plants into a measuring cup, and see how long it takes to achieve your desired volume per feed or irrigation event. At this point you can set your irrigation strategy, please see Crop Steering under the How To Grow section of the website for more insight.


Q: What are the differences between the Micro Drip instead of the Bubbler system?


1.    Micro dripper systems are geared towards low volume, high frequency irrigation strategies. We do not recommend running organics or thicker nutrients through this system.


2.    Open flow systems are geared towards those wanting to simulate hand watering without hand watering. Higher volume, lower frequency irrigation strategies. Organics and/or thicker nutrients can be used with this setup.


Q: Should I install a pressure gauge in my irrigation system?

A: Yes, installing a pressure gauge at the end of your zone can ensure that the system is running efficiently and within PSI ratings.


MicroDrip System

Q: What size pump do I need for the Micro Drip System?

A: Refer to this chart for recommended pumps based on Max Assemblies per Zone. 


Q:What is the inside diameter of the tubing used with the micro dripper assemblies?

A: ⅛”


Q:What is the inside diameter of the Double Layer Tubing?



Q:What is the outside diameter of the Double Layer Tubing?

A: 17mm


Q: Why is the outer layer of the 16/17mm double layer tubing white?

A: It helps deflect light and keeps the temperature roughly 5° cooler inside of the tubing.


Q: Why is the inner layer of the 16/17mm double layer tubing black?

A: It blocks light and prevents algae build up which would otherwise clog your emitters.


Q: What material is the 16/17mm Double Layer Tubing made of?

A: BPA and lead-free polyethylene.


Q: Is the double layer tubing UV resistant?

A: Yes, the black inner layer blocks all light penetration.


Q:What GPH rating is our Micro Drip Emitter?

A: .5 or ½ GPH.


Q: Are the Micro Dripper Assemblies pressure compensating?

A: Yes.


Q: What is the max flow rate per lateral or single line run of the 16/17mm Double Layer Tubing?

A: 5 GPM


Q: What is the max flow rate of a closed loop using the 16/17mm Double Layer Tubing?

A: 10 GPM


Q: What is the flow rate of the 1-Way Assembly?

A: .5 or ½ GPH


Q: What is the flow rate of the 2-Way Assembly?

A: .3 GPH per stake


Q: What is the flow rate of the 4-Way Assembly?

A: .2 GPH per stake


Q: How many drip stakes do I need for a 1 gallon QuickFill?

A: 2 stakes


Q: How many drip stakes do I need for a 2 gallon QuickFill?

A: 2 stakes


Q: How many drip stakes do I need for a 3 gallon Pot?

A: 2 stakes


Q: How many drip stakes do I need for a 5 gallon Pot?

A: 4 stakes


Q: How many drip stakes do I need for a 10 gallon Pot?

A: 6 stakes


Q: How many stakes do I need for a 4” rockwool cube?
A: 1 stake


Q: How many stakes do I need for a 6” rockwool cube? 
A: 2 stakes


Q: Which Micro Dripper assemblies are recommended with Rockwool cubes?
A: 2-way parallel Micro Dripper assemblies. (0.3GPH flow rate per stake)


Q: What is the best way to straighten the 16/17mm Double Layer or Micro Drip Tubing?


Step 1. Slightly warm it up by placing it in the sun or grow room.

Step 2. Roll the tubing out on your table/floor, adding a piece of tape every 3-4’.

Step 3. Attach all the 16/17mm pipe fittings.

Step 4. Remove the tape after 24-48 hours and voila.


Q: Can I use a submersible pump with the Micro Drip setup?

A: Yes, as long as the max head of the pump is 40+ feet it doesn’t matter whether it is a submersible or inline pump. However, many are not so be sure to double check.


Q: Why are my Micro Drippers not working, flowing or dripping?

A: Micro Drippers need a minimum of 15 PSI and the drippers will not dispense water unless it is reached. You will want a pump that has 15 PSI or a max head height of 40’.


If your pump does not have a PSI rating you can figure it out using the formula below:


Max head height x .433 = max PSI


i.e. 20’ max head height


20 x .433 = 8.66 psi


Q: What do I use to make a hole in the 16/17mm double layer tubing to connect the emitter?

A: Our Flora Puncher.


Q: How can I connect the Double Layer Tubing to my PVC pipe?
A: You can connect them by using our 16/17mm - 3/4” male adapter pipe fitting and a 3/4” FNPT PVC pipe fitting.


Q: Can I use the 100 foot ¼” Flora Tubing with this system?
A: Yes, the ¼” Flora Tubing is compatible with the .5 GPH emitters. This is not common as the Micro Drip Assembly units are the popular method.


Q: Do I need a pressure reducing valve or pressure regulator to work with this system?
A: It depends on the pump being used. In most cases it is recommended to add an in-line pressure compensating basket or y-filter at the inlet of each zone. You can always place a pressure gauge towards the end of a zone to ensure you are within your desired PSI.


Q: What is the Double Layer Tubing for?
A: Our 16/17mm double layer tubing serves as a manifold for the Micro Drip System.


Q: Do I need any PVC glue or adhesive with the Micro Dripper System?

A: No, you will only need PVC glue and primer for your core plumbing such as PVC.


Q: Is there a substitute for the Double Layered tubing?
A: 16 mm poly tubing.


Q: Do you guys make a flush valve?

A: Yes, (insert link here).


Q:  How do I replace the Micro Drippers if they are already installed and clogged, can I pull them out?

A: Yes, simply pull them out and replace it with a new emitter. Using a teflon tape for a really damaged hole can work too.


Q: Are the Micro Drippers meant to slowly drip or is it supposed to stream out?

A: They are meant to deliver a slow drip and are designed for high frequency, low volume irrigations to achieve capillary or wicking throughout the medium.


Q. What PSI is needed for the Micro Drip System?

A: Whether you have 1 micro dripper or a 1000 you will need a pump that can produce at least 15 PSI (36’ max head). Most submersible pumps have a PSI rating of 6-12 PSI, but you’ll need a PSI range of 15-50 PSI. See How To Grow section of the website for infographics on pump sizing.


¼” Tubing Irrigation - Manifold/Bubbler/QDPS, FloraFlex Matrix, FloraCaps, Flood & Drip Shield Systems.


Matrix System

Q: I currently use 3 gal pots with the Round Matrix units and Circulators, what is the difference between the Matrix versus the Micro Drip System?

A: The Matrix setup is an easier transition to automated watering for those who hand water while the Micro Drippers require a more precise way of watering through increased waterings and less volumes per feeding. See Crop Steering Guides for all FloraFlex pot sizes.


Q: What size Circulators pair with the 7.5”-9” Matrix and which PotPro size do I use?

A: The 2.25” Matrix Circulator and any round pot with an inner diameter greater than 9”.


Q: What size Circulators pair with the 9”-10.5” Matrix and which PotPro size do I use?

A: The 2.25” Matrix Circulator and the 3 gallon PotPro.


Q: What size Circulators pair with the 10.5”-12” Matrix and which PotPro size do I use?

A: The 3” Matrix Circulator and the 5 gallon PotPro.


Q: What size Circulators pair with the 12.5”-14.5”” Matrix and which PotPro size do I use?

A: The 3” Matrix Circulator and any round pot with an inner diameter of greater than 14.5”.


Q: What size Circulators pair with the 15.5”-18”” Matrix and which PotPro size do I use?

A: The 3” Matrix Circulator and any round pot with an inner diameter of greater than 18”.


Q: Do I use the Open Flow or Multi Flow QDPS (Bubbler) with the Matrix System?

A: Always use the Open Flow QDPS with the Matrix System to ensure you are able to fill the matrix to the outer rim.


Q: Can the Matrix System be used with soil?

A: Yes, you can use any medium or substrate.


Q: Does the matrix system work with smart pots or any other pot?
A: Yes, when using any pot it is recommended to choose a Matrix size that can fit completely inside the pot or within the inner diameter of that pot. Example;  If your pot is 11” inner diameter, you will use the 9”-10.5” Matrix.


Q: What are the components or other parts I need to setup the Matrix System?
●     Open Flow Quick Disconnect Pipe System (Bubbler)

●     ¼” Flora tubing (even lengths throughout the system)

●     Matrix

●     Matrix Pad (optional)

●     Matrix Circulator

●     ¼” Barbed T if using the 2.25” Matrix Circulator (can be used without Barbed T, meaning you can run 4 Matrix units per Bubbler)


Q: What is the Matrix Pads and what does it do?
A:  The Matrix Pad is a capillary mat that serves as a wicking pad which helps to disperse water and nutrients throughout the top of the pot's medium and gives a more even feed. It also serves as another barrier against bugs coming in and out of the top of your medium or pot.


Q: Are the Matrix Pads mandatory or necessary?
A: Though many love them, they are not. The Matrix Pad is a capillary mat that serves as a wicking pad which helps to disperse water and nutrients throughout the top of the pot's medium and gives a more even feed. It also serves as another barrier against bugs or pests coming in and out of the top of your medium or pot.


Q: Can I reuse the Matrix Pads? If so, how many times? 
A: They can be washed and reused, avoid high heat if drying.


Q. Can the Matrix be washed in the dishwasher?

A. Yes, but do not use a heated dry cycle or they will melt.


Q: What size pump would you use with this system?
A: Every setup is unique in its own way, there is no one size fits all for choosing a pump. Please refer to the How To Grow infographics on pump sizing.


Q: What size Matrix pair with the 2.25” Matrix Circulator?


4” Square Matrix
6” Square Matrix
7.5-9” Round Matrix 
9-10.5” Round Matrix


Q: What size Matrix pair with the 3” Matrix Circulator?


10.5-12” Round Matrix
12.5-14.5” Round Matrix
15.5-18” Round Matrix


Floracap® System

Q:What size FloraCaps do you offer?

A: 4”, 6” and 8” Square along with a 7.5-12” Universal Round FloraCap.


Q: What size Floracap fits in the 1 gallon QuickFill coco peat bags?

A: The 6” Floracap.


Q: What size Floracap fits in the 2 gallon QuickFill coco peat bags?

A: The 8” Floracap.


Q: Will the 7.5" - 12" Universal Round FloraCap fit the 3 Gallon PotPro?

A: Yes.


Q:Will the 7.5" - 12" Universal Round FloraCap fit the 5 Gallon PotPro?

A: Yes.


Q: Can I use the Micro Dripper assemblies with the FloraCaps?

A: Our 3.0 versions are compatible, and so are our Drip Shields.


Q: How do I clean the FloraCaps (caps)?

A: SURFACE CLEANING DIRECTIONS FOR USE: Mix 37ml of BioSafe Systems GreenClean Acid Cleaner per gallon of fresh water. Allow to soak for 1-2 hours followed with a clean water rinse using a pressure washer or hose sprayer/nozzle. Higher rates are recommended for heavily soiled surfaces. After rinsing, use SaniDate 5.0 Sanitizer/Disinfectant according to label directions to disinfect hard surfaces and equipment. Or you can put them in a dishwasher.


Q: Can I place the FloraCaps (caps) in a dishwasher?
A: Yes.


Manifold / Bubbler or Quick Disconnect Pipe System (QDPS)

Q: What are the flow rates and PSI requirements for a Bubbler setup?

A:See the Pump Sizing Chart under the How To Grow Section of th website. https://www.dropbox.com/home/FAQ?preview=FloraFlex_FAQ_PumpSizingIrrigation.pdf


Q: What are the flow inserts used for?
A: The flow inserts regulate different levels of gallons per hour (GPH) per each individual port of the Bubbler or QDPS. 


Q: What color Flow Inserts are which GPH?

●     Yellow (2 GPH)

●     Black (6 GPH)

●     Red (10 GPH)

●     Blue (20 GPH) 


Q: How do I close unused ports on the Bubbler or QDPS?

A: If you have an even amount of unused ports you can loop the ¼” FloraTubing from one unused port to the next unused port (a short piece will suffice).


Q.How do I plug or block one line on the Bubbler or QDPS?

A.  ¼” goof plug.


Q: Can I use the Bubbler with the Micro Dripper Assembly set up?

A: The QDPS or Bubbler is not needed or compatible with the Micro Dripper setup.


Q: Do I need pvc glue when connecting the QDPS to the pvc pipe?

A: Yes, you will want to use a pvc glue and primer to connect the QDPS to the pvc pipe. There are very effective 2 in 1s that we prefer, Oatley for example.


Q: How many plants can the Bubbler or QDPS water?
A:  The QDPS can water 8 plants in the following setups:

●     4-6” square matrix and pots

●     7.5-9” round matrix

●     9-10.5” round matrix (3 gallon pot)

QDPS can serve 4 plants in the following setups

●     10.5-12 Round Matrix (5 gallon pot)

●     12.5-14.5 Round Matrix

●     15.5-18 Round Matrix

And if you close 1, 2 or 4 ports the instructions are above.


Q: What cleaning agents do you recommend for a FloraFlex irrigation system?

A: GreenClean Acid and Sanidate 5.0 from Biosafe Systems. 


Q:  What is the difference between Multi and Open Flow Bubbler or QDPS?

The Multi Flow comes with Flow Inserts for the Bubbler heads that determine the volume or GPH per port. The Open Flow is typically double of the 20 GPH (blue), but subject to a higher flow.


Open flow is mostly used for the matrix system as the matrix system is designed for larger pots and requires a high volume of water.


Q: What parts are used to make the Open Flow Quick Disconnect Pipe System?

A: Flora Bubbler, GH to NPT Quick Disconnect, Flora Valve, into the Flora Pipe Fitting, and then into the T or L; You choose...


Q: How do I convert or turn my Open Flow Bubbler into a Multi Flow Bubbler?

A: The Open Flow Bubbler can be converted to a Multi Flow Bubbler with the Flow Conversion Kit and your desired GPH per port will be determined from your choice of Flow Insert.

●     Yellow (2 GPH)

●     Black (6 GPH)

●     Red (10 GPH)

●     Blue (20 GPH)


Q: Can I convert a Multi Flow bubbler into Open Flow?
A: The Multi Flow Bubbler can be converted to Open Flow by removing the Flow Conversion Kit.


Q: How many ports does the Flora Bubbler  or QDPS have?

A: Eight (8)


Q: Do I need the ¾” or 1” Quick Disconnect Pipe System (QDPS)?

A: If your flow rate is under 23 gpm per zone you can use the ¾” QDPS. If your flow rate is between 23-37gpm go with the 1” QDPS. See Pump Sizing infographic under How To Grow link on the website.


Q: What is the Flora Bubbler female threaded inlet pipe size?

A: ½ inch.


Q: What is the the Flora Valve male outlet pipe size?

A: 3/4 inch.


Q: Do I need to use pvc glue and primer when connecting pvc pipe to the T or L Flora Pipe Fittings?

A: Although it is a snug fit, you will still need to use PVC glue/adhesive, primer, and/or a 2 in 1 alternative.



Q:What is the maximum PSI of the/a Flora Valve?

A: 105 PSI


Q: What is the minimum and maximum operating temperature of the Flora Valve or the entire QDPS or Bubbler?

A: 40° - 140° F


Q: What is the manual valve used for on the Flora Valve?

A: Restrict Flow, Increase pressure, Manually turn on and off the water flow.


Q: Is the Quick Disconnect Pipe system or a Bubbler made out of Food Grade plastic?

A: Yes, it is BPA and lead-free virgin material.


Q: What size tubing connects to the Flora Bubbler barbed ports?

A:  ¼” tubing.


Q: What causes uneven flow with the Quick Disconnect Pipe Systems?

A: It may be one or multiple things from the list below.

1.    Improper pump size, typically too small of a pump.

2.    ¼” tubing cut different lengths, they all must be cut the same length throughout the system.

3.    Not using an Air Bleed Valve.


Q: Why is my manifold, bubbler, or QDPS leaking?
A: There is a threaded male piece that goes into the female threaded bottom of the bubbler. On this piece there is an O-Ring which provides a tight seal. Simply tighten this until you can no longer see the black O-Ring.


Q: Are there International Sizes for the Quick Disconnect Pipe System?
A: Yes, we offer the 32mm Ts and Elbows.


Q: Do you have any videos on how to install the QDPS or Bubblers Systems?

A: Yes,  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9oIAJMNnJJE (Shot videos of different setup, single vs. multi zone etc)


Q: Can an Open Flow Bubbler be attached to an ebb and flow nozzle?

A: Yes, if the flow nozzle has a ½” or ¾” MPT attachment. The Flora Bubbler has a  1/2” fpt fitting and with a  3/4” fpt pitting quick disconnect fitting.


Air Bleed Valve

Q: Why is my Air Bleed Valve spewing or discharging a lot of water?

A: The Air Bleed Valve typically lets out a small amount of water when the irrigation turns on, but if there is an excess flow then this is likely because of too little or too much pressure. Please install a PSI gauge in the system to ensure you are within the operating parameters.


Q: Is it normal for the Air Bleed Valve to spit or discharge a small amount of water when the irrigation system turns on?

A: Yes, a little spurt is normal. Once the line has pressurized at 5 PSI the Air Bleed Valve will close and the irrigation system will flow as intended.


Q: What pressure should be maintained with the Air Bleed Valve?

A: Between 15-100 PSI.


Q: Where should the Air Bleed Valve be installed?

A: At the end of the line and at the highest point and/or  6”-12” above the last bubbler/manifold. If you are using a QDPS with an Elbow to cap off the end of your run/line, place the Air Bleed Valve between the last two bubblers of the line or run.


Q: Is the Air Bleed Valve necessary with a 1 Bubbler Setup?

A: No.


Q: When do I need an Air Bleed Valve?

A: An Air Bleed Valve is not a necessity, but we recommend using it with all Quick Disconnect Pipe System setups to ensure even pressure throughout.


Q: Why do I need an Air Bleed Valve?

A: Our Air Bleed Valve is used to prevent air locks that cause sputtering when your irrigation system turns on. When it turns on air pockets within the system are forced out of the Air Bleed Valve, then as the system pressurizes it closes the valve and uniformly feeds the rest of the system.


Q: Do I use an Air Bleed Valve with the Micro Drip System?

A: No, air is released through the stakes as the lines pressurize. It is to be used with a manifold system only.


Q: Is there a suggested pump with an Air Bleed Valve if my pump is too big or strong?

A: You can reduce pressure by adding a pressure regulator in the line so you fall within the operating PSI parameters of 15-100.


Every setup is unique in its own way, there is no one size fits all for choosing a pump. Please see the How To Grow section of the website for infographics on Pump Sizing.


Q: Should I still use a check valve if I'll be adding your Air Bleed Valve?

A:Yes, the Air Bleed Valve does not work as an anti siphon component.


Q: Does the Air Bleed Valve solve siphoning issues?

A: No, the Air Bleed Valve only gets rid of excess air in the system when it turns on.


Q: Where do I install my Air Bleed Valve?

A: Place your Air Bleed Valve at the end of each zone, 6” -12” above your last Quick Disconnect Pipe System (bubbler/manifold).


Q: I have an Elbow fitting Quick Disconnect Pipe System as my last bubbler, where do I place the Air Bleed Valve?

A: Place the Air Bleed Valve in between your last (2) QDPS, a few inches from your last QDPS, and 6”-12” above the Bubbler.


Q: What PVC pipe fitting do I use to connect my Air Bleed Valve to a ¾” PVC pipe?

A: 3/4 in. PVC Schedule 40 Female S x FPT Adapter


Q: What PVC pipe fitting do I use to connect my Air Bleed Valve to a 1” PVC pipe?

A: 1 in. x 3/4 in. PVC Schedule 40 S x FPT Reducer Female Adapter


Q: Do you have any videos on installing the Air Bleed Valve?

A: Yes. Air Bleed Valve Installation


Q: I’m using one pump but the PVC branches or splits in multiple directions, does each branch require an Air Bleed Valve?

A: Though we suggest doing straight or single runs per zone, if you were to do this, each branch will need an Air Bleed Valve placed after and above the last bubbler at 6”-12”.



Q: What is the largest size kit or highest plant count kit you have?

A: The largest kit we offer is for 8 plants. But please see the Room Builder on our website as a great resource to help build any room.


Q: Water continues to flow after I cut the pump off, how do I stop my reservoir from draining or siphoning?

A: To stop a siphon please refer to this video.  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NZPVo-3NJ-Y


Q: Can I use the Bubblers or Manifolds with vinyl or PE tubing, or can they only be connected with PVC?

A: The QDPS (bubbler/manifold) are only compatible with rigid schedule 40 or 80 pvc pipe and/or schedule 40 flex PVC.



Nylon Valve

Q: What is the Nylon Valve (solenoid) used for?

A: Our Nylon Valve allows you to break sections of your garden into zones or sections to maintain consistent dispersion of water throughout each zone and to each plant. It also helps stop siphons too.


Q: When do I need a Nylon Valve or solenoid?

A: Below are a few situations where you would want to use our Nylon Valve.

1.    When you have multiple zones or sections and they have different feeding requirements.

2.    You are using ¾” pvc pipe for your zone and the flow rate exceeds 23 GPM.

3.    You are using 1” pvc pipe for your zone and the flow rate exceeds 37 GPM.

4.    You are using the 16/17mm tubing and the flow rate exceeds 5 GPM, per lateral.


Q: What is the minimum PSI required when using or operating the Nylon Valve or solenoid?

A: 15 PSI


Q: What is the maximum PSI of the Nylon Valve or solenoid?

A: 150 PSI


Q: What kind of Pumps are recommended when using Nylon Valves?

A: Pumps that have a built in pressure switch or solenoid can be excellent choices for multiple zone setups. They sense a loss in pressure when a Nylon Valve is opened and automatically turns the pump on to water a zone, and shuts it off when the valve is closed.


Q: What size Nylon Valve or solenoid do you offer?

A: Our Nylon Valves are available in ¾” and 1” female thread.


Q: Are the Nylon Valves normally closed?

A: Yes, when set on the auto position the Nylon Valve will open only when powered on.


Q: What are the O, AUTO, C positions on the Nylon Valve?

A: O - Is the open position, when set to this position the valve will be opened and allow water to flow through freely. 

Auto - Is the automatic position, when set to this position the valve will not allow any water to flow through until it is powered on.

C - Is the closed position, when set to this position the valve will not allow any water to flow through even if the valve is connected to a power source and powered on.


Q: How tightly should I turn the Nylon Valve when installing and should I use a teflon tape (plumbers tape).

A: No more than a 1/2 turn past once you feel it is tight. Wrap it 6-8 times with Teflon tape.


Q: Can the Nylon Valve or solenoid help prevent a siphon?

A: Yes, the nylon valves will prevent a siphon. They are normally closed valves. When set to the auto position they will only open when powered on. In most cases the Nylon Valve is installed at the entry point or the beginning of a zone. See infographics for setup on the website.



Q: Is it normal for the Nylon Valve to make a clicking sound when powered on?

A: Yes.


Q:What powers or turns on the Nylon Valve?

A: They need to be connected or hard wired to a power source such as an irrigation controller or 24V adapter/timer combo and set in the auto position.


Q: Which filters do you recommend?.

A: Any filter that is within 140-200 mesh range.


PotPro Pot System
Q: What size or volume Pots do you offer?


Square PotPro

4” - 1/4 Gallon (.85L)

6” Short - 1/2 Gallon (1.9L)

8” Short - 1 Gallon (3.45L)

6” Tall - 1 Gallon (3.78L)

8” Tall - 2 Gallon (7.57L)


Round PotPro      

3 Gallon (11.35L)

5 Gallon (18.9L)


Q: Can I use soil in your pots?

A: Yes.


Q: Are your pots meant for coco coir and/or can rockwool 4”, 6”, or 8” cubes be placed inside instead?

A: Any size PotPro can be used with rockwool croutons (loose absorbent granulate), coco coir, soil or hydroton. 4”, 6” or 8” rockwool cubes are not recommended with our pots because of the tapered wall design.


Q: Can the 6” square pot be used from veg through bloom?

A: Yes, both the short and tall 6” PotPro could be used from clone through harvest.


Q: Can the 8” pots be used throughout veg, bloom and until harvest?

A: Yes, both the short and tall 8” PotPro can be used from rooted clones throughout until harvest.


Q: Do I need to place something on the bottom mesh opening of the pot before adding my LooseFill coco peat or medium/substrate?

A: No, you may have some coco or medium that falls out when initially filling the pot, but once it’s saturated the coco peat will stay inside of the PotPro.


Q: What are FloraFlex pots made of?

A: Our pots are made from virgin, BPA and lead-free PP (polypropylene).


Q: Are your pots food grade?

A: Yes FloraFlex’s PotPros are made from food grade material.


Q: Why are the bottom of the pots open?

A: The PotPro open bottom design, elevated design allows for better aeration creating a more even and consistent dry down of the growing medium/substrate.


Q: What size pot, medium or starting cube/plug is best for starting seedlings or the propagation process?

A: The patented FloraFlex Incubator along with our coco peat, peat moss and bio char 40/40 plugs are the recommended and best way to start either your seedlings or cuttings/clones. See the How To Grow Guide’s Step 1 and 2 for a step by step process.


Q: Are FloraFlex 4” and 6” pots recommended for stacking?

A: We do not recommend stacking our or any pots,  instead do a full transplant out of a smaller pot and into a larger pot.


Q: What growing medium/substrate do you recommend with your pots?

A: We recommend filling our PotPros with our LooseFill coco coir (coco peat).


Q: What is the recommended amount of 4” pots per 4’x4’?

A: We recommend 20 - 24 4 inch PotPros per 4’x4’ space.


PotPro Platforms

Q: What are the dimensions of the PotPro Platform?

A: 13” x 13” x 4”


Q: What is the maximum amount of water that each PotPro Platform can hold?

A: 500ml


Q: How long does it take to drain 500ml from the PotPro Platform?

A: The platforms take 10 seconds to allow gravity to drain the 500ml. i.e., If you have 100 platforms connected to one drainage point and simultaneously fill them to 500ml each it would take 16.6 minutes to drain. So the key is not to feed more than 500ml per pot in any particular feeding occurrence.


Q: How many PotPro Platforms can I have connected to one drainage point?

A: As long as you are not exceeding 500ml in runoff per irrigation cycle, per platform you can have as many as your heart desires.


Q: Do you have any videos showing how to set up the PotPro Platform drainage system?

A: Yes. Need a new link to YouTube for this.


Q: What drainage pump do I use with the PotPro Platform drainage system?

A: The Little Giant shallow pan condensation pump or any similar product is commonly used.


Q: How does the PotPro Platform System drain or work on a flat floor?

A. The platforms sit at 4” in height, so as long as the drainage point is under the 4” of any and/or the lowest platform, the water will be forced into that drainage point. (Show video https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6MdMBV4gmM8&t=26s )


Q: Can I customize PotPro links lengths or use another tubing?

A: You can cut the 16/17mm double layer tubing to your desired length or buy and cut PotPro links to your desired length.


Q: Does the little giant condensate pump you recommend for the drainage system turn on when it senses water?

A: Yes, it has a built-in float valve. When water raises the float valve to a certain point it will automatically turn the pump on and send the water to your desired drainage point.


Incubator System

Q: Do you guys recommend using a small heating pad under the Incubator Kit?

A: No, the patented Incubator is such a good seal that it should maintain a good temp inside as long as there is ample light above it. If it is extremely cold for some reason then use your best judgment.


Q: The instructions say to lift the Incubator Dome up on day 4 for about 1 to 1.5 hours. Do I do that just 1x per day?

A: Yes, until condensation has been removed from the dome. Close the vents and slide the dome back closed once condensation has been removed.


Q: What’s included with your Patented Incubator Kit?



1.     50 - 40/40 Plugs

2.    Incubator Bottom Tray

3.    Incubator Insert Tray

4.    Incubator Dome


QuickFill / LooseFill


Q: Is it normal for the runoff water of the QuickFills to be dark when expanding or initially using them?

A: Yes, the dark color in your runoff is from fine particles of coco peat being in the water.


Q: When expanding the QuickFills should I use just ph’d water or a nutrient solution?

A: When expanding your organic coco use your regular vegetative nutrient solution. If you do use any, this is also a great time to inoculate your medium with your desired microbials.


Q: Where do I find  the batch number on the QuickFill bags?

A: There is one laser printed number on the lower end of the bag typically underneath the ”QuickFill.”


Q: Are the QuickFills designed to drain, do they have drain holes?

A: Yes, they have 8 drainage slits.


Q: How many times is QuickFill coco washed?

A: Our QuickFills are washed 6 times and/or until they are below the 0.6 EC target.


Q: Do QuickFill bags contain Perlite?

A: No.


Q: What is the EC level of QuickFill coco?

A: Less than or equal to 0.6 EC


Q: Are QuickFill bags biodegradable?

A: Yes.


Q: Are the QuickFills certified organic?

A: Yes, CDFA and OMRI listed.


Q: Do QuickFills pass heavy metals testing?

A: Yes, we test each batch for heavy metals.


Q: Are the QuickFills buffered?

A: No.


Q: How much coco peat is in a 1 gallon QuickFill?

A: 4600 ml


Q: How much coco is in a 2 gallon QuickFill?

A: 13,000 ml


Q: What is the expanded size of the 1 gallon QuickFill?

A: 6” x 6” x 6”


Q: What is the expanded size of the 2 gallon QuickFill?

A: 8” x 8” x 8”


Q: How often should I water the QuickFills?

A: Please see our How to Grow and Crop Steering Guides on the website.


Q: Is it true that Coco is prone to thrips?

A: No. As with all grow mediums, if you're overwatering it and/or do not have pest management protocols in place you are subject to pests.


Q: I’m thinking of switching to coco from soil. The feeding schedule looks fairly simple! Is there a day that gets only fresh water?

A: Always feed nutrients with coco or an inert medium until the final flush. Plain water feeds can throw off the cation exchange.


Q: Does coco coir or peat dry back faster then soil?

A: Yes, coco coir is a hydroponic growing medium and has a lower water holding capacity (WHC) than most soil blends.


Crop Steering

Q: I am using (4) Micro Drippers per 5 gallon PotPro, what is the recommended duration and how often should I feed ?

A: Being that every strain/genetic, environment, medium is unique in its own way there is no one size fits all for irrigation cycles. 2-6% of your pot’s volume is a good place to start for your irrigation cycle's volume. See Crop Steering Guides under the How To Grow section of the website.


Vegetative Style Steering - Mid to Late Veg and Mid Bloom.


Feed start time - 1-3 hours after lights on.

Shot volume - 2% (380ml)

Target dryback - 10-15%

Target runoff volume - 10-15% of irrigation volume

Target runoff volume - 15-25% of irrigation volume


When steering vegetatively you will want irrigation cycles that are 380 ml. If you are aiming for a 10% dryback overnight you will have 5 of these irrigation cycles the next day depending on the ml you water at spaced out every 20-30 minutes until runoff is achieved and then every 1-4 hours after that until 2 hours before lights out or you have a 2-3% dryback (volume may vary).


In this example if you see runoff before the 5th irrigation you have not dried back far enough overnight.


If you do not see runoff at this point you have dried back too far and need to add cycles later in the day, you can also adjust volumes of irrigation shots.


Generative Style Steering - Early Veg, Early Bloom and Late Bloom.


Feed start time - 1-3 hours after lights on

Irrigation volume - 5% (950ml)

Target dryback 25-35%


In the early veg stage you may go 1-4 days without an irrigation event to reach target drybacks.


When steering generativity you will want irrigation cycles that are 950 ml every 20-60 minutes until runoff is achieved, and then allow for a long overnight dryback. If you are aiming for a 25% overnight dryback you will have 5 of these irrigation cycles achieving runoff (irrigation volumes may vary).


In this example if you see runoff before the 5th irrigation you have not dried back far enough overnight.


If you do not see runoff at this point you have dried back too far and need to add irrigation cycles earlier in the day.


Q: When doing generative feeding in early bloom, how should I feed after I’ve reached the 4-6 hour/runoff?

A: Stop all waterings after you achieve runoff by mid day to allow further drybacks.


Q: Why the vegetive steering from days 22-42? Why not the generative steering throughout flower/bloom?

A: Steering vegetatively in mid bloom helps the plants to bulk up by pushing a constant fresh supply of higher EC feeds and dissolved oxygen through the medium. At this stage the roots have filled up a good portion of the pore space in the medium that once stored water causing the growing medium to have a lower water holding capacity (WHC). Therefore you need to water more frequently to prevent drying back too far and burning the plant.


Q: Is dryback percentage a loss of moisture in the medium or a percentage of total moisture in the medium?

A: Loss in moisture in the growing medium/substrate.



Q: Should I worry or be concerned with the EC of my runoff? My feeds are following the chart at 3.0-3.1 EC and my runoff is at 4.7, should I flush my plants?

A: Measuring runoff EC can be very deceiving and not an accurate depiction of what is going on in the coco after you have replenished it. EC meters used when mixing your reservoir and some soil sensors measure bulk EC which is the EC of undisturbed water/soil. Good soil sensors measure pore water Ec which is the EC of the water stored in the pores of the medium that is actually available to the plant. As moisture levels raise within the coco the pore water EC will lower, while you'll see an increase in pore water EC as moisture levels drop. We typically aim to keep pore water EC in a 4-6 EC range with most strains or genetics after the refreshment irrigations.


Chasing runoff EC typically creates issues that were nonexistent to begin with. Measure runoff pH to make sure it is staying between 5.4-6.4. Always gauge plant responses before lowering or raising input EC levels. If you notice deficiencies and/or light green growth increase feed strength, if you notice tip burn and/or darker than normal green leaves decrease EC and/or push for more runoff. 


Q: When using the generative style feeding early in bloom, how many irrigation cycles should there be before you see runoff?

A: This will vary with shot volume, pot size and irrigation frequency. When steering generatively you will want to achieve runoff within a 1-3 hour window after the first irrigation event of the day through use of higher volume, less frequent irrigations.


Q: What pH range do you recommend for the Full Tilt Schedule runoff?

A: Within .5 of the input pH in either direction.


How to Grow Guide

Q: In late flower or bloom is it recommended to drop temperatures and light intensity?

A: It is recommended to do both, but pay close attention to the infographics as they show temperature and umol/light intensity parameters. 


Plant Training

Q: Any pointers or tips on using a trellis net?

A: Ensure the trellis net is pulled tight and try to fill every square. Every empty square is a loss in yield.



Q: We have a sealed room, and Co2 levels are skyrocketing during the night, is it a problem? Should we maintain a certain ppm level when the lights are off?

A: Elevated Co2 levels can cause harm to the plants. Set up an exhaust fan to kick on 15 minutes before lights out to bring the Co2 levels back down to ambient levels of 400-600ppm.



Q: After planting a germinated seed into soil, how many days until I feed nutrients?

A: Begin feeding them as soon as the seedling has sprouted out of the soil. 2-3 grams each B1:B2 per gallon. After 2 weeks of growth transition into the Full Tilt Schedule. 


Q: When planting my seeds, do I start 24 hours of light right away?

A: Yes.




Q:What are optimal days to defoliate or deleaf in flower or bloom?

A: We typically will defoliate at days 1, 21 and 42 of bloom and clean up the bottoms between days 1-14 depending on canopy density. However there are cases when you can clean them up throughout the first 21 days of bloom if the canopy is very dense and you want to allow light and air flow, some even do a light clean up every few days of the larger lower fan leaves usually showing purple stems.


Q: I am having trouble lowering my humidity to 45-55% during the flush stage, what can I do?

A: Lower the light intensity, temps and shorten your watering window to allow for larger overnight drybacks. The plants will be transpiring less when you drop the temps and drinking less which should help to lower the humidity more.



Q: Do your packages ship discreetly?

A: Yes.

Q: How long does delivery take?

A: It is largely dependent on the order, please see tracking info. Many do receive orders within 48-72 hours.


Pest and Pathogen Management

Q. What are some of the best ways to fight or prevent powdery mildew (PM)?

A.  Prevention is key with powdery mildew and keeping temperatures at all times above 70 are one of the best ways to do so as it thrives in temps below 70. Avoid large swings in temperature to avoid condensation build up on leaves. Defoliation or deleafing so that leaves are not sitting on top of each other which creates a safe haven for the mildew to grow. Airflow is also key to prevention. And lastly there are sprays that make claims to prevent PM, but we believe if you can do all of the above you will likely not have this issue unless someone brings it into your grow room.